Microprocessor-controlled lower limb prosthetics
Status: Decision completed
Prostheses are devices that are used to replace or compensate for the absence of a body part (present at birth, or due to illness or trauma). For prostheses used to replace lower limbs, there is a need for a device to replace the normal function of the knee and/or ankle. There are several devices available that use computer technology to enhance the function of the basic mechanical knee/ankle design. Objective evidence is needed to determine whether significant benefit is obtained.
Primary criteria ranking
- Safety = Low
- Efficacy = High
- Cost = High
- Draft report published: September 15, 2011
- Public comment period: September 15 to September 30, 2011
- Final report published: October 18, 2011
- HTCC public meeting: November 18, 2011
Several types of lower limb prostheses are available to replace the function of a lower extremity. The simplest artificial prostheses is a hinged leg that swings on one axis. Next is a polycentric joint that has more than one axis of rotation. Micro processor devices are newer types of prosthetic leg device and include a computer and sensors that detect movement and timing of gait/swing to then adjust the resistance via a fluid control system. At least one device senses and controls the swing phase as well as the stance phase via a microprocessor. Potential advantages of microprocessor controlled knees include: reduced energy expenditure compared to traditional artificial legs/knee joints, ability to compensate for variable walking speeds; more natural movement.