Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome
Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome, (FAI) was first reviewed by the HTCC in 2011.
- In 2014, a review of FAI medical literature was performed to determine if evidence published since the 2011 review was likely to change the original decision.
- In 2018, a second review of recent literature was performed.
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome is a recently recognized diagnosis in primarily younger individuals where relatively minor abnormalities in the joint (orientation or morphology) are thought to cause friction/impingement and pain. It is theorized that FAI starts the breakdown of cartilage, leading to osteoarthritis (OA). There are two types of FAI: cam impingement (most common in young athletic males) and pincer impingement (most common in middle-aged women). Proponents believe that surgical correction of the impinging deformities will alleviate the symptoms and retard the progression of OA degeneration. However, significant questions remain about the safety, efficacy and effectiveness and cost effectiveness of hip surgery for FAI.
Primary criteria ranking
- Safety = Medium
- Efficacy = High
- Cost = High
- Draft report published: July 27, 2011
- Public comment period: July 27, to August 17, 2011
- Final report published: August 26, 2011
- HTCC public meeting: September 16, 2011