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Definitions - Long-term Services and Supports
WAC 182-513-1100 Definitions related to long-term services and supports (LTSS)
Revised May 30, 2021
This section defines the meaning of certain terms used in chapters 182-513 and 182-515 WAC. Within these chapters, institutional, home and community based (HCB) waiver, program of all-inclusive care for the elderly (PACE), and hospice in a medical institution are referred to collectively as long-term care (LTC). Long-term services and supports (LTSS) is a broader definition which includes institutional, HCB waiver, and other services such as medicaid personal care (MPC), community first choice (CFC), PACE, and hospice in the community. See chapter 182-500 WAC for additional definitions.
"Adequate consideration" means that the fair market value (FMV) of the property or services received, in exchange for transferred property, approximates the FMV of the property transferred.
"Administrative costs" or "costs" means necessary costs paid by the guardian including attorney fees.
"Aging and long-term support administration (ALTSA)" means the administration within the Washington state department of social and health services (DSHS).
"Alternate living facility (ALF)" is not an institution under WAC 182-500-0050; it is one of the following community residential facilities:
(a) An adult family home (AFH) licensed under chapter 70.128 RCW.
(b) An adult residential care facility (ARC) licensed under chapter 18.20 RCW.
(c) A behavioral health adult residential treatment facility licensed under chapter 246-337 WAC.
(d) An assisted living facility (AL) licensed under chapter 18.20 RCW.
(e) A developmental disabilities administration (DDA) group home (GH) licensed as an adult family home under chapter 70.128 RCW or an assisted living facility under chapter 18.20 RCW.
(f) An enhanced adult residential care facility (EARC) licensed as an assisted living facility under chapter 18.20 RCW.
(g) An enhanced service facility (ESF) licensed under chapter 70.97 RCW.
(h) A staffed residential facility licensed under chapter 74.15 RCW.
(i) A group care facility for medically complex children licensed under chapter 74.15 RCW.
(j) A facility for children and youth twenty years of age and younger where a state-operated living alternative program, as defined under chapter 71A.10 RCW, is operated.
"Assets" means all income and resources of a person and of the person's spouse, including any income or resources which that person or that person's spouse would otherwise currently be entitled to but does not receive because of action:
(a) By that person or that person's spouse;
(b) By another person, including a court or administrative body, with legal authority to act in place of or on behalf of the person or the person's spouse; or
(c) By any other person, including any court or administrative body, acting at the direction or upon the request of the person or the person's spouse.
"Authorization date" means the date payment begins for long-term services and supports (LTSS) under WAC 388-106-0045.
"Clothing and personal incidentals (CPI)" means the cash payment (under WAC 388-478-0090, 388-478-0006, and 388-478-0033) issued by the department for clothing and personal items for people living in an ALF or medical institution.
"Community first choice (CFC)" means a medicaid state plan home and community based service developed under the authority of section 1915(k) of the Social Security Act under chapter 388-106 WAC.
"Community options program entry system (COPES)" means a medicaid HCB waiver program developed under the authority of section 1915(c) of the Social Security Act under chapter 388-106 WAC.
"Community spouse (CS)" means the spouse of an institutionalized spouse.
"Community spouse resource allocation (CSRA)" means the resource amount that may be transferred without penalty from:
(a) The institutionalized spouse (IS) to the community spouse (CS); or
(b) The spousal impoverishment protections institutionalized (SIPI) spouse to the spousal impoverishment protections community (SIPC) spouse.
"Community spouse resource evaluation" means the calculation of the total value of the resources owned by a married couple on the first day of the first month of the institutionalized spouse's most recent continuous period of institutionalization.
"Comprehensive assessment reporting evaluation (CARE) assessment" means the evaluation process defined under chapter 388-106 WAC used by a department designated social services worker or a case manager to determine a person's need for long-term services and supports (LTSS).
"Continuing care contract" means a contract to provide a person, for the duration of that person's life or for a term in excess of one year, shelter along with nursing, medical, health-related, or personal care services, which is conditioned upon the transfer of property, the payment of an entrance fee to the provider of such services, or the payment of periodic charges for the care and services involved.
"Continuing care retirement community" means an entity which provides shelter and services under continuing care contracts with its members and which sponsors or includes a health care facility or a health service.
"Dependent" means a minor child, or one of the following who meets the definition of a tax dependent under WAC 182-500-0105: Adult child, parent, or sibling.
"Developmental disabilities administration (DDA)" means an administration within the Washington state department of social and health services (DSHS).
"Developmental disabilities administration (DDA) home and community based (HCB) waiver" means a medicaid HCB waiver program developed under the authority of section 1915(c) of the Social Security Act under chapter 388-845 WAC authorized by DDA. There are five DDA HCB waivers:
(a) Basic Plus;
(c) Community protection;
(d) Children's intensive in-home behavioral support (CIIBS); and
(e) Individual and family services (IFS).
"Equity" means the fair market value of real or personal property less any encumbrances (mortgages, liens, or judgments) on the property.
"Fair market value (FMV)" means the price an asset may reasonably be expected to sell for on the open market in an agreement, made by two parties freely and independently of each other, in pursuit of their own self-interest, without pressure or duress, and without some special relationship (arm's length transaction), at the time of transfer or assignment.
"Guardianship fees" or "fees" means necessary fees charged by a guardian for services rendered on behalf of a client.
"Home and community based (HCB) waiver programs authorized by home and community services (HCS)" means medicaid HCB waiver programs developed under the authority of Section 1915(c) of the Social Security Act under chapter 388-106 WAC authorized by HCS. There are three HCS HCB waivers: Community options program entry system (COPES), new freedom consumer directed services (New Freedom), and residential support waiver (RSW).
"Home and community based services (HCBS)" means LTSS provided in the home or a residential setting to persons assessed by the department.
"Institutional services" means services paid for by Washington apple health, and provided:
(a) In a medical institution;
(b) Through an HCB waiver; or
(c) Through programs based on HCB waiver rules for post-eligibility treatment of income under chapter 182-515 WAC.
"Institutionalized individual" means a person who has attained institutional status under WAC 182-513-1320.
"Institutionalized spouse" means a person who, regardless of legal or physical separation:
(a) Has attained institutional status under WAC 182-513-1320; and
(b) Is legally married to a person who is not in a medical institution.
"Life care community" see continuing care community.
"Likely to reside" means the agency or its designee reasonably expects a person will remain in a medical institution for thirty consecutive days. Once made, the determination stands, even if the person does not actually remain in the facility for that length of time.
"Long-term care services" see "Institutional services."
"Long-term services and supports (LTSS)" includes institutional and noninstitutional services authorized by the department.
"Medicaid personal care (MPC)" means a medicaid state plan home and community based service under chapter 388-106 WAC.
"Most recent continuous period of institutionalization (MRCPI)" means the current period an institutionalized spouse has maintained uninterrupted institutional status when the request for a community spouse resource evaluation is made. Institutional status is determined under WAC 182-513-1320.
"Noninstitutional medicaid" means any apple health program not based on HCB waiver rules under chapter 182-515 WAC, or rules based on a person residing in an institution for thirty days or more under chapter 182-513 WAC.
"Nursing facility level of care (NFLOC)" is under WAC 388-106-0355.
"Participation" means the amount a person must pay each month toward the cost of long-term care services received each month; it is the amount remaining after the post-eligibility process under WAC 182-513-1380, 182-515-1509, or 182-515-1514. Participation is not room and board.
"Penalty period" or "period of ineligibility" means the period of time during which a person is not eligible to receive services that are subject to transfer of asset penalties.
"Personal needs allowance (PNA)" means an amount set aside from a person's income that is intended for personal needs. The amount a person is allowed to keep as a PNA depends on whether the person lives in a medical institution, ALF, or at home.
"Room and board" means the amount a person must pay each month for food, shelter, and household maintenance requirements when that person resides in an ALF. Room and board is not participation.
"Short stay" means residing in a medical institution for a period of twenty-nine days or fewer.
"Special income level (SIL)" means the monthly income standard that is three hundred percent of the supplemental security income (SSI) federal benefit rate.
"Spousal impoverishment protections" means the financial provisions within Section 1924 of the Social Security Act that protect income and assets of the community spouse through income and resource allocation. The allocation process is used to discourage the impoverishment of a spouse due to the other spouse's need for LTSS. This includes services provided in a medical institution, HCB waivers authorized under 1915(c) of the Social Security Act, and through September 30, 2023, services authorized under 1115 and 1915(k) of the Social Security Act.
"Spousal impoverishment protections community (SIPC) spouse" means the spouse of a SIPI spouse.
"Spousal impoverishment protections institutionalized (SIPI) spouse" means a legally married person who qualifies for the noninstitutional categorically needy (CN) Washington apple health SSI-related program only because of the spousal impoverishment protections under WAC 182-513-1220.
"State spousal resource standard" means the minimum CSRA standard for a CS or SIPC spouse.
"Third-party resource (TPR)" means funds paid to or on behalf of a person by a third party, where the purpose of the funds is for payment of activities of daily living, medical services, or personal care. The agency does not pay for these services if there is a third-party resource available.
"Transfer" means, in the context of long-term care eligibility, the changing of ownership or title of an asset, such as income, real property, or personal property, by one of the following: (a) An intentional act that changes ownership or title; or(b) A failure to act that results in a change of ownership or title.
"Uncompensated value" means the fair market value (FMV) of an asset on the date of transfer, minus the FMV of the consideration the person receives in exchange for the asset.
"Undue hardship" means a person is not able to meet shelter, food, clothing, or health needs. A person may apply for an undue hardship waiver based on criteria under WAC 182-513-1367.