WAC 182-513-1363 Evaluating an asset transfer for clients applying for or receiving long-term care (LTC) services.

Effective July 6, 2019

  1. When determining a client's eligibility for long-term care (LTC) services, the medicaid agency or the agency's designee evaluates the effect of an asset transfer made within the sixty-month period before the month that the client:
    1. Attained institutional status, or would have attained institutional status but for a period of ineligibility; and
    2. Applied for LTC services.
  2. The agency or the agency's designee evaluates all transfers for recipients of LTC services made during or after the month the recipient attained institutional status.
  3. The agency or the agency's designee establishes a period of ineligibility during which the client is not eligible for LTC services if the client, the client's spouse, or someone acting on behalf of either:
    1.  Transfers an asset within the time period under subsection (1) or (2) of this section; and
    2. Does not receive adequate consideration for the asset, unless the transfer meets one of the conditions in subsection (4)(a) through (g) of this section.
  4. The agency or the agency's designee does not apply a period of ineligibility for uncompensated value if:
    1. The total of all asset transfers in a month does not exceed the statewide average daily private cost for nursing facilities at the time of application or the date of transfer, whichever is later;
    2. The transferred asset was an excluded resource under WAC 182-513-1350 except a home, unless the transfer of the home meets the conditions under (d) of this subsection;
    3. The asset was transferred for less than fair market value (FMV), and the client can establish one of the following:
      1. An intent to transfer the asset at FMV. This intent is established by providing convincing evidence to the agency's designee;
      2. The asset was transferred exclusively for a purpose other than to qualify for medicaid, continue to qualify for medicaid, or avoid estate recovery. 
        1. An asset transfer is presumed to be for the purpose of establishing or continuing medicaid eligibility, avoiding estate recovery, or both;
        2. A client can rebut this this presumption by providing convincing evidence that the transfer of an asset was exclusively for a purpose
          other than to qualify for medicaid, continue to qualify for medicaid, or avoid estate recovery.
      3. All assets transferred for less than FMV have been returned to the client or the client's spouse; or
      4. Denial of eligibility results in an undue hardship under WAC 182-513-1367.
    4. The transferred asset was a home, if the home was transferred to the person's:
      1. Spouse;
      2. Child who meets the disability criteria under WAC 182-512-0050 (1)(b) or (c);
      3. Child who was under age twenty-one; or
      4. Child who lived in the home and provided care, but only if:
        1. The child lived in the person's home for at least two years;
        2. The child provided verifiable care to that person during the time period in (d)(iv)(A) of this subsection for at least two years;
        3. The period of care under (d)(iv)(B) of this subsection was immediately before the person's current period of institutional status;
        4. The care was not paid for by medicaid;
        5. The care enabled the person to remain at home; and
        6. The physician's documentation verifies that the in-home care was necessary to prevent the person's current period of institutional status; or
      5. Sibling, who has lived in and has had an equity interest in the home for at least one year immediately before the date the person attained institutional status.
    5. The asset was transferred to the client's spouse; or to the client's or their spouse's child, if the child meets the disability criteria under WAC 182-512-0050 (1)(b) or (c);
    6. The transfer was to a family member before the current period of institutional status, and all the following conditions are met. If all the following conditions are not met, the transfer is an uncompensated transfer, regardless of consideration received:
      1. The transfer is in exchange for care services the family member provided to the client or their spouse;
      2. The client or their spouse had a documented need for the care services provided by the family member;
      3. The care services provided by the family member are allowed under the medicaid state plan or the department's home and community-based waiver services;
      4. The care services provided by the family member do not duplicate those that another party is being paid to provide;
      5. The FMV of the asset transferred is comparable to the FMV of the care services provided;
      6. The time for which care services are claimed is reasonable based on the kind of services provided; and
      7. The assets were transferred as the care services were performed, with no more time delay than one calendar month between the provision of the service and the transfer.
    7. The transfer meets the conditions under subsection (5) of this section, and the asset is transferred:
      1. To another party for the sole benefit of the client's spouse;
      2. From the client's spouse to another party for the sole benefit of the client's spouse;
      3. To a trust established for the sole benefit of the client's or their spouses child who meets the disability criteria under WAC 182-512-0050 (1)(b) or (c); or
      4. To a trust established for the sole benefit of a person who is under age sixty-five who meets the disability criteria under WAC 182-512-0050 (1)(b) or (c).
  5. An asset transfer or establishment of a trust is for the sole benefit of a person under subsection (4)(g) of this section if the document transferring the asset:
    1. Was made in writing;
    2. Is irrevocable;
    3. States that the client's spouse, their blind or disabled child, or another disabled person can benefit from the transferred assets; and
    4. States that all assets involved must be spent for the sole benefit of the person over an actuarially sound period, based on the life expectancy of that person or the term of the document, whichever is less, unless the document is a trust that meets the conditions of a trust established under Section 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4)(A) or Section 42 U.S.C. 1396(d)(4)(C) as described under chapter 182-516 WAC.
  6. To calculate the period of ineligibility under subsection (3) of this section:
    1. Add together the total uncompensated value of all transfers under subsection (3) of this section; and
    2. Divide the total in (a) of this subsection by the statewide average daily private cost for nursing facilities at the time of application or the date of transfer, whichever is later. The result is the length, in days rounded down to the nearest whole day, of the period of ineligibility;
  7. The period of ineligibility under subsection (6) of this section begins:
    1. For an LTC services applicant: The date the client would be otherwise eligible for LTC services, but for the transfer, based on an approved application for LTC services or the first day after any previous period of ineligibility has ended; or
    2. For an LTC services recipient: The first of the month following ten-day advance notice of the period of ineligibility, but no later than the first day of the month that follows three full calendar months from the date of the report or discovery of the transfer; or the first day after any previous period of ineligibility has ended.
  8. The period of ineligibility ends after the number of whole days, calculated in subsection (6) of this section, pass from the date the period of ineligibility began in subsection (7) of this section.
  9. If the transfer was to the client's spouse, from the client's spouse to the client, and it included the right to receive an income stream, the agency or the agency's designee determines availability of the income stream under WAC 182-513-1330.
  10. If the transferred asset, for which adequate consideration was not received, included the right to receive a stream of income not generated by a transferred asset, the length of the period of ineligibility is calculated and applied in the following way:
    1. The amount of reasonably anticipated future monthly income, after the transfer, is multiplied by the actuarial life expectancy in months of the previous owner of the income. The actuarial life expectancy is based on age of the previous owner in the month the transfer occurs. If the client and their spouse co-owned the asset, the longer actuarial life expectancy is used. This product is the FMV of the asset;
    2. Any consideration received in return for the FMV of the asset under (a) of this subsection is subtracted to calculate the uncompensated value;
    3. The uncompensated value in (b) of this subsection is divided by the statewide average daily private cost for nursing facilities at the time of application or the date of
      transfer, whichever is later. The result is the length, in days rounded down to the nearest whole day, of the period of ineligibility; and
    4. The period of ineligibility begins under subsection (7) of this section and ends under subsection (8) of this section.
  11. A period of ineligibility for the transfer of an asset that is applied to one spouse is not applied to the other spouse, unless both spouses have attained institutional status. When both spouses are institutionalized, the agency or the agency's designee divides the penalty equally between the two spouses. If one spouse is no longer subject to a period of ineligibility, the remaining period of ineligibility that applied to both spouses will be applied to the other spouse.
  12. Throughout this section, the date of an asset transfer is:
    1. For real property:
      1. The day the deed is signed by the grantor if the deed is recorded; or
      2. The day the signed deed is delivered to the grantee;
    2. For all other assets, the day the intentional act or the failure to act resulted in the change of ownership or title.
  13. If a client or their spouse disagrees with the determination or application of a period of ineligibility, a hearing may be requested under chapter 182-526 WAC.
  14. Additional statutes that apply to transfer of asset penalties, real property transfer for inadequate consideration, disposal of realty penalties, and transfers to qualify for assistance can be found at:
    1. RCW 74.08.331 Unlawful practices—Obtaining assistance—Disposal of realty—Penalties;
    2. RCW 74.08.338 Real property transfers for inadequate consideration;
    3. RCW 74.08.335 Transfers of property to qualify for assistance; and
    4. RCW 74.39A.160 Transfer of assets—Penalties.

This is a reprint of the official rule as published by the Office of the Code Reviser. If there are previous versions of this rule, they can be found using the Legislative Search page.